Moral Legal and Economic Reasons for Preventing Accidents

In the United Kingdom, the Occupational Health and Safety Act sets strict requirements. No one, with the exception of domestic workers, is outside its scope. Employees and employers must comply with the law or face the legal consequences. Workplace accidents can lead to serious injury and even death. It is not morally correct to sacrifice human health for the activities of an organization. 7 1.2.1 Moral reasons – accident ratesConclusion of tables Mortality rates are lower in developed countries or established market economies than in the underdeveloped or emerging economies of Asia and South America. However, it is important to note that many hazardous industries have been relocated from developed countries to emerging markets. 24 1.23 Economic reasons Fault and absence of fault Compensation for damagesIn the United Kingdom, compensation for damage caused as a result of an accident is obtained through a successful action in a civil court. In such cases, the employee sues his employer and the employer is convicted. This may take some time.

This process is adversarial, costly and can discourage injured individuals with limited resources from pursuing their funds and has resulted in increased insurance premium costs. This had led to no-fault compensation. Some of these costs have undetermined value. This highlights the difficulty an organization can have when trying to determine the true cost of accidents to the business. The company may not have enough people with the right expertise and time to perform the analysis. You may not even know that some costs exist and therefore miss them completely. The culture of the organization can mean that many incidents are never reported and therefore never end up in the statistics that form the basis for costing. Some costs may not be known for a long time, for example when civil proceedings are pending and significant compensation may be awarded. It may be almost impossible to realistically estimate the costs of the impact of more subtle elements such as loss of morale (leading to decreased productivity) and loss of goodwill or public image (resulting in lower revenues). 19 1.23 Economic reasons Direct uninsured costs include fines due to enforcement proceedings Sickness benefits Certain damage to products, equipment, vehicles or processes that are not directly attributable to an accident (e.g.

by replacement personnel) Increased insurance premiums as a result of the accident. Any compensation that is not covered by the insurance policy due to an agreement between the insurance company and the employer. Legal representation according to a legal claim. No one wants to hurt themselves or others, but sometimes accidents happen and it`s often because the person(s) are task-oriented and just trying to get the job done. Over the years, in discussions with people, they often tell me that after the incident, they were more concerned about financial hardship than their personal safety that led to the incident. They will say that they knew that what they were doing was not the right way to do the job, but they had done it before and got away with it, so they thought they would repeat it again. This risky behavior can be addictive and is a game with our most important asset, our health. Over the years, many moral obligations have been transformed into health and safety laws.

For example, the International Labour Organization (ILO) Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981, C155, identifies in Article 16 some basic general legal obligations of employers towards their employees: A study published in 1993 by the Health and Safety Executive of the United Kingdom showed that the hidden costs of accidents at work were highlighted. Disclaimer: The advice in this presentation is of a general nature. Please use your discretion while following it. The author assumes no responsibility for legal validity. All employers must have certain types of insurance against accidents, illnesses or other problems, such as: In health and safety, we will often hear or learn the 3 reasons for safe management; Morality, law and finance. For me, there is only one reason and that is MORALITY. No one should go to work on a given day and not go home or go home injured or sick as a result of a workplace incident. Over the years, I have worked in various fields; Recreation, environmental protection, aviation, critical infrastructure and health and safety.

I learned that many accidents happen because of; Time constraints, concentration of tasks, lack of training, lack of supervision, knowledge gaps, incomplete risk assessments, poor or non-existent work systems, etc. I have found that this is ultimately influenced by the company`s safety culture and how it, in turn, affects individual behavior. Therefore, it is important that we take the time to remember why health and safety is important. The main reasons are legal, financial and moral. 3. Employers shall, where necessary, provide appropriate protective clothing and equipment to avoid the risk of accident or adverse effects on health, as far as reasonably possible.